Do we really need Icelandic data centres?

Asks Kate Craig-Wood is MD of cloud hosting provider, Memset.

Better cooling is definitely one reason why data centre operators are attracted to colder climates like Iceland, but there is a hole in this argument. Whilst free cooling is very efficient, in most mainland European climates, adiabatic cooling works really well and allows you to achieve almost the same efficiency.

In mainland Europe & UK it never gets hot and humid at the same time. A hot summer’s day in the UK, 35C for example, and the wet­bulb temperature never actually gets above about 23C. Even accounting for global warming if you ramped the wet­bulb temperature up to 25C it really is the maximum humidity you need to account for.

Adiabatic cooling takes advantage of this by spraying water onto the dry air coolers located on the roof, you normally get about a 10C temperature variation, enabling you to maintain a temperature of 35C even on the hottest summer day.

We’ve designed, built and operate a data centre that makes use of that theory, also recommended under the ASHRAE guidelines and we have no back up DX cooling except for our plant room.  The reason is that we know the maximum wet­bulb temperature will never go above 25C and modern servers are warranted up to 45C – therefore we have 10 degrees of edge room.

By letting the data centre run hot, with the occasional excursion up to 35 degrees centigrade on a few days of the year, comes significant cost savings.

Memset’s data centre was built to the old CESG IL3 standards and they signed off on the resilience and architecture based on our designs & recommendations at the time.Therefore we expect our data centre to operate at a PUE of roughly 1.2 given that even the best free cooled data centre is unlikely to manage better at 1.1 PEU, we think its worth the extra 10% on our power bill.  In addition, being located in Dunsfold Park in Surrey, which houses a large scale solar farm, means our data centre is partially solar powered which more than makes up for the 10% difference.



For most services, cloud based or otherwise, latency is a big factor. Ideally, you want your data centre to be close to your customers and ideally in the same continent. That’s why you don’t tend to find US based data centres serving content to UK businesses or customers. Amazon’s Ireland based data centres are an exception. Some services are more latency sensitive, but having your data centre located in urban areas, i.e. within 100 miles of London the latency would be approximately 20 milliseconds.

When you start having to use under sea links or going to remote parts, like colder countries like Iceland for example, you definitely have to factor in a big latency difference. Even in a website, a human can see a delay of 50 milliseconds, therefore they’d be getting a delay of at least that for every single query.There are also questions to be raised about moving away from urban areas. Out here in Surrey we get about a 1.5 millisecond latency back to central London hubs, so for all services its sufficient and we’re outside the M25.


Risking Power Supply

The advantage of being in relatively build up areas, is the mature and resilient power structure you have access too. It is a gross generalisation, but common sense that the further you go from major populated centres and the further north you go the sparser the population is, the worse your connectivity is. This is slightly mitigated by the fact that backup power is good. But any data centre operator knows you don’t want to be using it unless you have too. If you are having to deal with a brown­out every two months you are elevating the risk factor. Whereas in urban areas it’s more likely you’d face a brown out every two years.

In Summary

In summer, you don’t need to go somewhere cold. You just need to let your data centre run really hot and sprinkle some water on the roof. That way you can avoid the potential risk around your power supply and you don’t have to compromise your latency.


BY Jon Howes, VP and GM of EMEA at Wasabi.
By Rupert Colbourne, Chief Technology Officer, Orbus Software.
By Daniel Beers, Senior Vice President, Global Data Center Operations of Ardent Data Centers, a...
By Jake Madders, Co-founder and Director of Hyve Managed Hosting.
By David Gammie, CTO, iomart.
By Filip Cerny, Product Marketing Manager at Progress.
By Max Alexander, co-founder at Ditto.